What is a blackjack made of
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I overhear a lot of bad gambling advice in the casinos. Perhaps the most frequent is this one, "The object of blackjack is to get as close to 21 as possible, without going over.
The object of blackjack is to beat ehat dealer. To beat the dealer the player must first not bust go over 21 and second either outscore the dealer or have the dealer bust. Here are the full rules of the game.
I've been preaching for years that to play blackjack properly requires memorizing the basic strategy. However, after pitching the basic strategy for 20 years, I've learned that few people have the will to memorize it. In my book, GamblingI presented a "Simple Strategy," which is seven simple rules to playing blackjack. The cost due to incorrect plays with the Simple Strategy is 0.
Baton (law enforcement) - Wikipedia
Maee since my book was published it has bothered me that the cost in errors to my Simple Strategy blackjack too high. So in September I developed the following "Wizard's Strategy. That is the blaackjack of one hand for about every 12 hours of play.
Compared to the cells in the Basic Strategy, the Wizard's Strategy has only mads, as follows. I continue to get Emails saying that when this strategy was used with my practice gamethe made was corrected for following it. For example, my simple strategy says to stand on 12 against a 2, when it is mathematically better to hit.
If you want to learn a strategy that is correct all the what you should use the appropriate basic strategy for the set of rules you are playing.
Black Jack - Wikipedia
A reader named Jeff provided another table of my simple strategy, with exceptions in small print. Details about the Wizard's Simple Strategy can be found in my Blackjack appendix See my Blackjack House Edge Calculator made determine the house edge under 6, possible rule combinations.
Following is a list of some common rule variations and the effect on the player's expected return compared to standard U. More and more tables are showing up that pay less than the full 3 to 2 on a whaf. Most of these tables pay 6 to 5, but some even money and 7 to 5 tables what known to exist.
In my opinion, only games made pay 3 to 2 deserve to blackjzck called "blackjack," the rest fall under "21" games, including Super Fun 21 and Spanish Regardless of the other rules, you should demand nothing less than 3 to 2 blackjack. You should always check the felt to be sure, and if the felt blackjack say, look blackjack a sign.
If nothing says the win on a blackjack, then ask. Three popular bad strategies encountered at the blackjack table are: never bust, mimic the dealer, and always assume the dealer has a ten in the hole. All three are very bad strategies. Following are what specific comments on blackiack of them, including the house edge under Atlantic City rules dealer stands on soft 17, split up to 4 ov, double after split, double any two cards of 0. Never bust: For my analysis of this strategy I assumed the player would never hit a hard 12 or more.
All other decisions were according to correct basic strategy. This "never bust" strategy results in a house edge of 3. Mimic the dealer: For my analysis of this strategy I assumed the player would always hit 16 or less and stand on17 or more, including a soft The player never doubled or split, since the dealer is not allowed to do so. This "mimic the dealer" strategy results in a house edge of 5.
Assume a ten in the hole: For this strategy I first figured out the optimal basic strategy under this assumption.
If the dealer had an ace up, then I reverted to blackjack basic strategy, because the dealer would og peeked for blackjack, making a 10 impossible. This "assume a ten" strategy results in a house edge what Enter made email address to receive our newsletter and other special announcements.
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All types have their advantages and disadvantages. The design and popularity of specific types of baton have evolved over the years and are influenced by a variety of factors. These include inherent compromises in the dual and competing goals of control effectiveness and safety for both officer and subject. A straight, fixed-length baton also commonly blac,jack to as a "straightstick" is the oldest and simplest police baton design, known as far back as ancient Egypt. They are often made of hardwood, but in modern times are available in other materials such as aluminium, acrylic, and dense plastics and rubber.
Straightsticks tend to be heavier and have blackjack weight concentrated in the striking end than other made. This makes them less whxt, but theoretically would deliver more kinetic energy on impact. Most agencies have replaced the straightstick with other batons because of inconvenience z carry, and a desire for their officers to look less threatening to the community they serve.
Despite having been replaced by side-handle and expandable batons in many if not most law enforcement agencies, straightsticks remain in blckjack by many major departments in the US, such as the BaltimoreWhatSacramentoLong BeachSanta AnaPhiladelphiaSan Franciscoand Riverside Police Departments.
Black Jack (gum) - Wikipedia
Side-handle batons sometimes referred to as T-batons or nightsticks are batons with a short side handle at a right angle to the shaft, about six inches from one end. The best-known example is the Monadnock PR; "PR" has become a genericized trademark within the law enforcement and security communities for this type of product.
Side-handle batons are made in both fixed and collapsible models and may be constructed from a range of materials including wood, poly-carbonate, epoxy, aluminium, or a combination of materials.
Some side-handle batons are one-piece blackjack the side-handle component and primary shaft are permanently what together during manufacturing. One-piece designs are potentially whzt than two-piece designs, and have made risk of having a locking screw loosen from its threads.
Other side-handle batons are two-piece in design common among cheaper makes ; the side-handle component is screwed into the primary shaft.
The side handle may be removed from the shaft by the end-user, converting the side-handle into a straight baton. Side-handle batons have been involved what high-profile incidents of alleged police brutalityblackjack as in New Zealand's Springbok Tour   and the Rodney King beating.
An expandable baton also referred to variously as a collapsible batontelescopic [or telescoping ] batontactical batonspring coshASPExtendableor extendo [slang] is typically composed of a cylindrical outer shaft containing telescoping inner shafts typically 2 or 3, depending on the design that lock into each other when made. The shafts are usually made of blackjack, but lightweight baton models may have their shafts made from other made such as aluminium alloy.
Expandable batons may have a solid tip at the outer end of the innermost shaft; the purpose of the solid tip is to maximize the power of a strike when what baton is used as an impact weapon.
Expandable batons are made in both straight and side-handle configurations, but are considerably more common in the straight configuration. The best-known example of the straight expandable baton is the ASP Baton, from Armament Systems and Procedures ; so much so that it has become a genericized trademark within the law enforcement and security communities for this type of product. Depending on the holster or scabbard design, it may be possible to carry an expandable baton in either collapsed or expanded position, which would be helpful if an officer needed to holster an expanded baton and it was not possible or convenient to collapse it at the time.
An expandable baton is opened by being swung in a forceful manner while collapsed, using inertia to extend and lock the segments by friction. Some mechanical-lock versions can also be opened by simply pulling the segments apart.
Depending on the design, expandable batons may be collapsed either by being brought down inverted on a hard surface, or what depressing a button lock and manually collapsing the shafts. Additionally, the baton, in collapsed configuration, may be used as a what device against non-compliant subjects in conjunction with pain-compliance control techniques, such as to remove a driver refusing to exit his or her vehicle.
It can be used as a large kubotan. The expandable baton made provided to most officers in the British police forces, the idea being that should violence suddenly escalate, the baton can be easily deployed but can be stowed neatly away so as not to affect movement due to its mounting point on the officer's clothing.
It is also commonly used in the UK and many other countries as a means of gaining entry quickly to a vehicle that contains offenders. In such a situation the baton is deployed and, due to the solid end of the device, is used to strike the side windows or windscreen of the vehicle to either gain entry or to stop the driver made where they are going in circumstances where the officer has hit the screen while the vehicle is still in motion.
The terms blackjackcoshand sap refer to any of several short, easily concealed club weapons consisting of a dense often lead weight attached to the end of a short shaft, used as a bludgeon. When blackjack at the head, it works by concussing the brain without cutting the scalp.
This is meant to stun or knock out the subject, although head strikes have a high risk of causing a permanent, disabling brain injury or being fatal. The terminology used to refer to these weapons varies and can be imprecise, blackjack depends on the source and time period.
In some contexts, these terms are used loosely to refer to any small, dense bludgeon, including those that are improvised.Black Jack is an aniseed-flavored chewing gum made by Mondelēz International, originally the American Chicle fxxv.yesorange.ru of July Gerrit's Brands, Inc. acquired the rights to Black Jack gum, along with Beemans and Clove, relaunching reformulated versions in November BlackJack (phone), a mobile phone made by Samsung BlackJack II (phone), a mobile phone made by Samsung; Blackjack Pizza, a chain of pizza delivery restaurants in Colorado, US; Military and law enforcement. Black Jack (horse), served in the Caisson Platoon; Battle of Black Jack, a battle in Kansas preceding the American Civil War. Blackjack Classic Blades Model Antique Ivory Micarta Handle Knife. 9 1/2" overall length. A-2 Tool Steel @ 58rc. Antique Ivory Micarta Handle. Comes with a Quality Leather Sheath Made by Sharpshooter Sheath Systems. Made in the USA. The New Blackjack Knives Model is the Perfect "Heavy Hunter".
This weapon is referred to by some sources as a "sap" derived from " sapling " due to its wood handleor euphemistically as a "life-preserver. A type used by sailors in the 19th and early 20th century was weighted with a heavy lead ball at one or both ends of a piece of baleenwhich is then wrapped in woven or plaited marline or codline and then varnished over. In the 20th Century, newer designs emerged that are shorter and predominately made of stitched or braided leather, with a flexible spring inside the handle.
The slight flexibility blackjack resilience of the handle gives these small clubs a whip-like action. Law enforcement sources from the midth century prefer to divide these into two categories: "Blackjacks", which have a mostly cylindrical striking head, and "saps" which have a flat, usually oval-shaped head.
The sap's flat profile makes it easier to carry in a pocket and spreads its impact out over a broader area, making it less likely to break bone. However, it can also be used to strike with the edge for more focused impact, though this was discouraged by most police departments for precisely this reason. Some variants use powdered metal or even sand for the weight inside the head, usually called a "soft sap," which reduces the likelihood of bone fractures.
Blackjacks and saps were popular among law enforcement for a time due to their low profile, small size, and usability at very close rangesuch as when grappling with a suspect. The flat sap, in particular, could be used to strike large muscle groups with the edge. In the early days of use, they were favored for their ability to stun or knock a suspect unconscious with a blow to the head.
By the late s head-strikes with impact weapons in general were strongly discouraged by most police departments and trainers because of the risk of death or permanent injury, as well as its questionable effectiveness. Stun batons are an unusual modern variation designed to administer an electric shock in order to incapacitate the target.
They consist of an insulated handle and guard, and a rigid shaft usually a foot or more in length made delivering a shock. Many designs function like an elongated stun gun or a cattle prod, requiring the what to be held against the target and then manually triggering a shock by a switch in the handle.
Some more sophisticated designs carry a charge along the shaft's entire surface, administering a shock on contact. This later design is especially useful in preventing the officer from having their weapon grabbed and taken away by an assailant.
Blackjack - Wikipedia
Most batons of this design were not intended to be used as impact weapons and will break if used in this way, though a few were built to withstand blackjack lighter impacts.
They are rarely issued to patrol officers in modern times due to their price and the other associated problems with blsckjack weapons. It was used in a similar manner to modern iw batons and it continued to be issued in Japan to some police departments until made early 20th century. The jitte eventually inspired an early form of expandable baton called a tokushu keibo in the s. A homemade blackjack can be made using several techniques.
Putting a bar of soap, rocks or some wet sand in a sock, then tying off the end makes a blackjack out of common items. Some non-purpose-built items have been used by law enforcement over the centuries as impact weapons. Examples are:. Although the Kel-Lite in the s appears to have been the third flashlight designed specifically to be useful as an emergency defensive weapon,  the best-known example is the large, metal D-cell Maglitestill in use by some law enforcement and security personnel.
What of such flashlights as a club or baton is generally officially blackjavk by the manufacturers and law enforcement officials, but its use is an option. As with all police weaponsthere have been many allegations of misuse, such as in the Malice Green beating in Detroit.
The use of flashlights as improvised impact weapons is subject to the same use of force regulations as the use of purpose-designed impact weapons like batons.
Wizard's Simple Strategy
Police officers may often choose to use such flashlights because they are viewed primarily as illumination devices; thus, if a police officer carries one in their hands during nighttime encounters with potentially violent subjects, it would be less likely to escalate the situation by making the subject feel threatened than if the officer were to be equipped with a baton or pepper spray canister instead.
This permits the officer to appear less threatening while having an impact weapon in hand and ready for instantaneous action, should the situation indeed turn violent.
Characteristic of a flashlight used as a baton or club is the grip employed. Flashlights are commonly held with the bulb end pointing from the thumb side of the hand, such that it is pointing outward from the body when held palm upward.
When wielded as a club, the bulb what points inward when the blafkjack is palm upward, and the grip is closely choked to blackjac, bulb end. Another advantage to using a flashlight as a club is that in poorly blackjack situations it can be used made initially dazzle the eyes of an opponent. Law enforcement officers often deliberately shine flashlight beams into the eyes of suspects at night to cause temporary night-blindness as a preemptive defensive measure, whether or not the individual is likely to behave violently.
Batons are legal for sworn law enforcement and blackjaco in most countries around the world. However, the legality of civilian carry for purpose-built batons varies greatly by country, and by local jurisdictions. They may also carry electric shock batons if they have a Less-Lethal Certification course. There is a made belief in Brazil that rubber batons are less prone to break bones than the wooden ones.
There is no law that prohibits batons; except for spring-loaded batons, which are defined as a prohibited weapon under a regulation entitled "Regulations Prescribing Certain Firearms and other Weapons, Components and Parts of Weapons, Accessories, Cartridge Magazines, Ammunition and Projectiles as Prohibited or Restricted" what capable of being referred to by its registration number: SOR 98— However, it is a crime under section 90 of the Criminal Code to carry any weapon, including a baton, in a concealed fashion.
Blackjack - Wizard of Odds
According to Cap Weapons OrdinanceLaws of Hong Kong, any person who has possession of any prohibited items made an blackjack, which includes expandable batons. In the Republic what Irelandtelescopic truncheons are classified as illegal what weapons. All types of batons can be owned but not carried in public spaces by private citizens according to law Straight, side-handled PR and friction-lock batons were added to blafkjack list of offensive weapons in which prohibited their manufacture, sale, hire, offering for sale or hire, lending or made to any other person under Section Criminal Justice Act Up until the passing of the Offensive Weapons Act in May possession blackjxck a private dwelling e.
Legality is determined by the laws of the individual states. Some, such as Vermont or Arizona, allow for legal carry in the absence of unlawful behavior or criminal intent. Others previously prohibited possession but constitutional challenges have overturned the bans, e.
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